Arboriculture Tree Surgery Tree works Stephen Charles Landscape & Contract GardenersTree Services Richmond-STEPHEN CHARLES LANDSCAPES


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Arboriculture Services

Our tree department has years of experience in the planting and subsequent maintenance of trees.

From planting a single tree to creating a sustainable bio diverse woodland establishing dead wood habitats for invertebrates. We offer the complete package from initial planning through planting to the all important maintenance. There is now a specilist web site for our arboriculture services tree

The Process.

You contact us either by phone or email and arrange for a site visit at a convenient time.

We will carry out an initial inspection of your tree and provide you with an assessment of the works required a specification of the works and a estimate for the cost of carrying out the works.
We will then submit applications and  obtain the necessary permissions from the relevant authorities, carry out risk assessment and produce a method statement and Emergency plan. We do not charge for initial assesment & cost estimate.

Only once all the paper work is in order can we start work. This is important for you as the client as if the correct paperwork is not in place the client can become liable for third party claims, action form the health and safety executive and stringent penalties from planning authorities usually in excess of £2000.00.

When we arrive on site all our staff will have the relevant certificates of competence of the tasks which they are to undertake.


All our arboricultural practices are fully complaint with B.S. 3998 as well as relevant Health and Safety Legislation including:
Health and Safety at Work Act 1974,
Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1999
Working at Height Regulations 2005
Lifting Operations and Lifting Equipment Regulations 1998
Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulations 1998

As part of this all our staff have the relevant competence certification and are either part of a ongoing career development program or attend regular refresher training.
All our working practices are fully compliant with currant environmental legislation including
Implications of the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1991
Protection of Badgers Act 1992
Countryside and Rights of Way Act 2000 (particular reference to nesting birds and bats)


Does your Tree have Statutory Protection ?
Generally this means either a TPO or the tree is in a conservation area. We will be happy to advise and act as your agent with regard to obtaining the relevant permissions.

We can offer a comprehensive range of tree care services including

  • Advise on Planning and Planting
  • Woodland Management.
  • Tree Work Specifications
  • Crown Cleaning
  • Crown Lifting
  • Crown Reduction
  • Crown Thinning
  • Branch Removal
  • Vista pruning
  • Pollarding
  • Formative Pruning
  • Structural Pruning
  • Fruit Tree Pruning
  • Espalier Pruning
  • Fan Training
  • Mop Top
  • Tree Felling
  • Tree Removal
  • Dead Tree Removal
  • Specialists in tree works in confined spaces.
  • Root Pruning
  • Tree Stabilization
  • Tree Surgeons Richmond
  • Tree Services Richmond
  • Tree Care Company Richmond
  • tree surgeon Richmond
  • We also offer an Emergency Tree Service available 24 hours a day 7 days a week


We Don’t Offer
Topping ( except for hedging)
In common with all reputable arborists we do not lop or top as these technique do not work. They increase the production of poorly attached endomorphic growths making the crown very dense and increasing the overall size of the crown. These practices always harm the tree and either kill the tree or make it so unsafe that felling is required.
There are exceptions for example conifers to be used for hedging.
we leave these techniques to the cowboys. However we are always happy to advise on alternative tree pruning methods


Pruning is the most common Tree care or tree work procedure. Pruning is the selective removal of plant parts to meet specific goals and objectives.
Some People think that tree pruning unnecessary and wasteful because after all trees in a forest grow well with out it. What they fail to realize is that only one in a Billion seeds survives to grow into a mature forest tree.  Richmond and other urban settings virtually all trees are expected to make it to maturity.

 In Richmond and other urban settings tree pruning is necessary to Improve tree structure maintain tree health prevent excessive encroachment on property maintain safety and make the tree aesthetically pleasing

Tree Cuts are very important when carried out by professional tree arborists with a knowledge to tree biology and responses. Bad pruning cuts damage the tree permanently and will shorten its life expectancy. Pruning cuts must be made with an understanding of how the tree will respond to the cut. Although all pruning cuts wound the tree, improper pruning can cause damage that remains for the life of the tree.
Knowledge of the tree's response will help the arborist achieve the goal of a healthy, structurally sound, and aesthetically pleasing tree.

Stephen Charles Landscape and Contract Gardeners are a tree care company providing  local tree services in Richmond.
Before commencing Tree work clear objectives must be decided on. The principle objectives for pruning are :
Reduce the potential for failure ( branch falling and causing damage)
Provide clearance for building vehicles etc
Reduce shade wind resistance
Maintain Tree Health
Promote flower and Fruit production
Improve a view
Improve aesthetics

Tree failure potential can be reduced by using a tree care company in Richmond and establishing a structural pruning program that begins in the nursery, continues soon after planting, and could carry through the first 25 years or more.
This tree work program should be designed to create structurally sound trunk and branch architecture that will sustain the tree for a long period.
Medium-aged and mature trees may need to be cleaned, thinned, reduced, raised, or restored by a tree surgeon or arborist to manage risk.
The choice among these pruning types depends on the tree and the situation.
Pruning using a tree surgeon richmond or arborist to reduce the risk of failure involves recognizing many potential hazards such as, dead branches, cracks, decay, broken branches, codominant stems and others.

Growth can be directed away from an object such as a building, security light, or power line by reducing or removing limbs on that side of the tree.

Crown reduction is a technique that reduces the size of tree crowns.

However, after tree work in Richmond trees often grow back to fill the void created by pruning and require continued labor from a tree services company  to maintain the desired size. For this reason, it is important to select an appropriate species for the site.

Tree work Shortening or removing low branches will raise the crown.
Lawns, ground covers, shrubs, and other trees receive more sunlight when live foliage is removed from the crown of large overstory trees. In addition, the tree's resistance to wind can sometimes be reduced using thinning, reduction, or pollarding pruning techniques.

Removing too much foliage, however, may stress a mature tree, particularly one that is already under stress in an urban environment.
Health and safety can be maintained in medium-aged and mature trees by tree services in Richmond cleaning the crown-the removal of dead, diseased, and/or broken branches. This practice is also important in young trees.

Pruning using a tree care services company can influence the number and/or size of flowers or fruit. Fruit size can be increased by a tree doctor removing some of the developing fruit or flowers, although this is usually not a major consideration on shade or ornamental trees.

Flower size can be increased, on certain species, by having a tree surgeons prune the tree. Fruit production can be eliminated by removing flowers.

A view can be enhanced or created by a tree doctor in Richmond removing or reducing live branches from the edge of the crown, from the top of the tree, or from the lower side of the crown. This  tree services is known as vista pruning.

This pruning by tree care services in Richmond can include thinning, reducing, and raising. As with many types of pruning, maintaining the health of the tree must be balanced with meeting the wishes of the client for  tree services in each case

A tree can be pruned by a tree care company to improve appearance by affecting tree shape, crown density, flower production, or removal of diseased or dead sections.

Cleaning, reducing, thinning, pollarding, and restoring are used by the tree contractor to meet this objective in particular by tree contractor in Richmond.

When two stems of a richmond tree of approximately equal size arise from a union they are called “codominant stems.” Codominant stems often lack a branch bark ridge, do not have a branch protection zone, and a branch collar does not form. This results in a weak union and allows decay to enter when one of the stems is removed. Codominant stems often contain included bark, which further weakens the connections and makes them prone to failure and must be removed by tree care company in Richmond

Pruning cuts made by tree surgens in the proper places allow for compartmentalization, the natural process of defense in trees by which they wall off decay in the wood.

If the branch collar is removed by tree surgens  or severely damaged, such as with a flush cut, decay can more easily enter trunk wood and lead to defects. Not only do flush cuts made by services tree in Richmond result in much larger wounds, they can also reduce the ability of the tree to close the wound and may require a tree feller or even a tree feller in Richmond.

Because each cut has the potential to change the growth and structure of a tree, no branch should be removed by tree surgens  without a reason.
Common pruning goals for tree surgen  are to improve tree structure or health or to accommodate human needs such as clearance pruning or hazard mitigation.

Trees may also be pruned by  tree surgens in Richmond to increase light penetration, to provide a view, or for appearance (aesthetics). In most cases, tree pruning is a corrective or preventative measure.

The amount of live tissue that should be removed by tree surgen in richmond or by an tree arborists depends on the tree size, species, condition, and age, as well as the pruning objectives. Juvenile trees tolerate the removal of a higher percentage of living tissue by a professional tree services team than mature trees.

Mature trees are less tolerant of severe pruning by professional tree services in Richmond than juvenile trees. Juvenile trees tend to recover from pruning wounds faster than older trees.  On any size tree, smaller cuts close faster and are more easily compartmentalized than larger cuts.
On a mature tree, tree surgeon richmond removing even a single, large-diameter limb can create a wound that the tree may not be able to close. The older and larger a tree becomes, the less energy it has in reserve to close wounds and defend against decay or insect attack.

The pruning of large, mature trees is usually limited to large tree services the removal of dead branches or to reduce the severity of structural defects.

Young trees are often tolerant of severe pruning, but the goal should be to remove no more than 25 percent of the canopy in any one year. In older trees, removal of 25 percent of the canopy may be extreme.
Removing too much foliage at one time, or removing only foliage from the interior of the tree, can adversely affect the development of trunk and branch taper, as well as increase the likelihood of branch failure due to increased wind exposure and uneven weight distribution.
tree arborists in Richmond must weigh factors such as safety, client needs, and aesthetics against the biological effects of pruning.

Energy reserves (stored starch, sugars, and oils) are stored in branches, stems, and roots.
Excessive branch removal by arborist tree care  will deplete these reserves and reduce the ability of the tree to photosynthesize more energy.
Live branch pruning by large tree services in richmond however, is a useful ingredient in developing strong structure, so it is a common procedure in urban find a tree surgeon tree care programs.

The best time for arborist tree care in Richmond to prune trees depends on the desired results.
Growth is maximized and defects are easier to see on deciduous trees if live-branch pruning is done in the winter or before growth resumes in early spring.

Pruning by tree surgon when trees are dormant can minimize the risk of pest problems associated with wound entry and allow trees to take advantage of the full growing season to begin closing and compartmentalizing wounds created by tree sugeon in Richmond.

Plant growth can be reduced if pruning by local tree services takes place during or soon after the initial growth flush, so pruning by local tree services Richmond at this time is usually not recommended. This is when trees have just expended a great deal of stored energy to produce foliage and early shoot growth. Removal by arborist tree services of too many live branches at this time can stress the tree. A good time to prune by arborist tree services Richmond is before buds begin to swell in the spring.

The timing of all tree services including pruning can be an important part of a Plant Health Care program.

For example, one of the ways to reduce the spread of oak wilt fungus is to prune during the dormant season and avoid tree surgion pruning susceptible species during April, May, and June.

Susceptible, uninfected elms should not be pruned by all tree services in Richmond during the time of beetle flight in areas where Dutch elm disease is a problem.

Flowering can be prevented or enhanced by all tree services in Richmond pruning at the appropriate time of the year.

In general, all tree care trees that bloom on current season’s growth (normally flowering in summer or early autumn) are pruned by tree surgons  prior to leaf emergence in the spring or after bloom has occurred.

Spring flowering shrubs and trees that bloom on last season’s growth should be pruned just after bloom.

We undertake all tree care in Richmond except Topping

Topping is the reduction by tree sergeon or the tree doctors of a tree's size using heading cuts that shorten limbs or branches back to a predetermined crown limit.  Severe topping by Tree Surgeons Richmond causes branch dieback, decay, and sprout production from the cut ends. Sprouts are weakly attached, and, when they become large and heavy, they are prone to failure.

Topping is not an acceptable pruning practice.

There are many good reasons NOT to top: starvation, sunburn, insects and diseases, weak limbs, rapid new growth, tree death, ugliness, and cost.